6. Reading, Writing and Oral Communication:
The competent teacher has foundational knowledge of reading, writing, and oral communication within the content area and recognizes and addresses student reading, writing, and oral communication needs to facilitate the acquisition of content knowledge.
• Selects, modifies, and uses a wide range of printed, visual, or
auditory materials, and online resources appropriate to the content
areas and the reading needs and levels of each student (including ELLs,
and struggling and advanced readers).
• Uses assessment data, student work samples, and observations from continuous
monitoring of student progress to plan and evaluate effective content area
reading, writing, and oral communication instruction.
• Facilitates the use of appropriate word identification and vocabulary
strategies to develop each student’s understanding of content.
• Teaches fluency strategies to facilitate comprehension of content.
• Uses modeling, explanation, practice, and feedback to teach students to
monitor and apply comprehension strategies independently, appropriate to
the content learning.
• Teaches students to analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and summarize information
in single texts and across multiple texts, including electronic resources.
• Teaches students to develop written text appropriate to the content areas
that utilizes organization (e.g., compare/contrast, problem/solution), focus,
elaboration, word choice, and standard conventions (e.g., punctuation, grammar).
• Integrates reading, writing, and oral communication to engage students in
• Works with other teachers and support personnel to design, adjust, and
modify instruction to meet students’ reading, writing, and oral communication needs.
• Stimulates discussion in the content areas for varied instructional and